Investigation of sewage sludge preparation for combustion process

Journal title

Chemical and Process Engineering




No 4 December



sewage sludge ; waste management ; briquetting ; thermal analysis

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne




Polish Academy of Sciences Committee of Chemical and Process Engineering




Artykuły / Articles


DOI: 10.2478/v10176-011-0024-4 ; ISSN 0208-6425


Chemical and Process Engineering; 2011; No 4 December; 299-309


Bień J. (2007), Sewage sludge. Theory and practice. ; Directive 2001/77/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2001 on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market. ; Folgueras M. (2003), Thermogravimetric analysis of the co-combustion of coal and sewage sludge, Fuel, 82, 2051, ; Hamilton C. (2000), Gasification as an innovative method of sewage-sludge disposal, Water Environ. J., 14, 89, ; Kosturkiewicz B. (2005), The study of the use of roller presses for sewage sludge management, Ochrona Powietrza i Problemy Odpadów, 4, 228, 138. ; Kosturkiewicz B. (2010), Proposition of energetic utilization of sewage sludge from Bochnia, Waste Forum, 4, 385. ; Kruczek H. (2000), NO<sub>x</sub>and SO<sub>2</sub>emission from co-combustion of brown coal with biomass, Scientific Papers of the Institute of Engineering and Fluid Mechanics of the Technical University of Wroclaw. Conferences, 56, 10, 21. ; Murakami T. (2009), Combustion characteristic of sewage sludge in an incineration plant for energy recovery, Fuel Process. Technol, 90, 778, ; Nadziakiewicz J., Wacławiak K., Stelmach S. 2007. <i>Thermal processes for waste treatment.</i> Wyd. Politechniki Śląskiej. Gliwice (in Polish). ; Nowicki L. (2008), Mechanism and kinetics of sewage sludge pyrolysis by thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry analysis, Chem. Process Eng, 29, 813. ; Ogada T. (1996), Combustion characteristics of wet sludge in a fluidised bed. Release and combustion of the volatiles, Fuel, 75, 5, 617, ; Otero M. (2002), Thermogravimetry as a technique for establishing the stabilization progress of sludge from wastewater treatment plants, Thermochimica Acta, 389, 121, ; Otero M. (2002), Analysis of the co-combustion of sewage sludge and coal by TG-MS, Biomass & Bioenergy, 22, 319, ; Shimizu T. (2007), Emission of NO<sub>x</sub>and N<sub>2</sub>O during via co-combustion of dried sewage sludge with coal in a bubbling fluidized bed combustor, Fuel, 86, 957, ; Solimene R. (2009), Devolatilization and ash comminution of two different sewage sludges under fluidized bed combustion conditions, null. ; Stelmach S. (2008), Co-combustion of dried sewage sludge and coal in a pulverized coal boiler, J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manag, 10, 110, ; <i>The National Urban Wastewater Treatment Program</i>, 2003. The Council of Ministers, Resolution No. 219, 29.10.2002, <i>Official Journal - Monitor Polski</i>, 11, 159 (in Polish). ; <i>The National Wastes Management Plan 2014</i>, 2010. The Council of Ministers, Republic of Poland, Resolution No. 217, 24.12.2010, <i>Official Journal - Monitor Polski</i>, 101, 1183 (in Polish). ; <i>The 2010 National Waste Management Plan. Poland</i>, 2006. The Council of Ministers, Resolution No. 233, 29 December 2006, available at: <a target="_blank" href=''></a> ; Wandrasz J. (2006), Formed fuels. ; Werle S. (2010), A review of methods for the thermal utilization of sewage sludge: The Polish perspective, Renew. Energy, 35, 1914,

Editorial Board

Editorial Board

Dorota Antos, Rzeszów University of Technology, Poland

Katarzyna Bizon, Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Tomasz Ciach, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Magdalena Cudak, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland

Grzegorz Dzido, Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Marek Dziubiński, Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Leon Gradoń, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Andrzej Górak, TU Dortmund, Germany

Andrzej Heim, Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Marek Henczka, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Andrzej Jarzębski, Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Zdzisław Jaworski, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland

Władysław Kamiński, Poland

Bożenna Kawalec-Pietrenko, Poland

Stanisław Ledakowicz, Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Łukasz Makowski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Eugeniusz Molga, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Andrzej Noworyta, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland

Roman Petrus, Rzeszów University of Technology, Poland

Ryszard Pohorecki, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Rafał Rakoczy, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland

Andrzej Sobkowiak, Rzeszów University of Technology, Poland

Tomasz Sosnowski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Anna Trusek, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland

Kazimiera Wilk, Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland

Ireneusz Zbiciński, Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Publication Ethics Policy


Editors of the "Chemical and Process Engineering" pay attention to maintain ethical standards in scientific publications and undertake any possible measure to counteract neglecting the standards. Papers submitted for publication are evaluated with respect to reliability, conforming to ethical standards and the advancement of science. Principles given below are based on COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, which may be found at:

Authors’ duties

Authorship should be limited to persons, who markedly contributed to the idea, project, realization and interpretation of results. All of them have to be listed as co-authors. Other persons, who affected some important parts of the study should be listed or mentioned as co-workers. Author should be certain that all co-authors were enlisted, saw and accepted final version of the paper and agreed upon its publication.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Author should disclose all sources of financing of his/her study, the input of scientific institutions, associations and other subjects and all important conflicts of interests that might affect results and interpretation of the study.

Standards in reporting
Authors of papers based on original studies should present precise description of performed work and objective discussion on its importance. Source data should be accurately presented in the paper. The paper should contain detailed information and references that would enable others to use it. False or intentionally not true declarations are not ethical and are not accepted by the editors.

Access to and storage of data
Authors may be asked for providing raw data used in the paper for editorial assessment and should be prepared to store them within the reasonable time period after publication.

Multiple, unnecessary and competitive publications
As a rule author should not publish papers describing the same studies in more than one journal or primary publication. Submission of the same paper to more than one journal at the same time is not ethical and prohibited.

Confirmation of sources
Author should cite papers that affected the creation of submitted manuscript and every time he/she should confirm the use of other authors’ work.

Important errors in published papers
When author finds an important error or inaccuracy in his/her paper, he/she is obliged to inform Editorial Office about this as soon as possible.

Originality and plagiarism
Author may submit only original papers. He/she should be certain that the names of authors referred to in the paper and/or fragments of their texts are properly cited or mentioned.

Ghost writing/guest authorship are manifestation of scientific unreliability and all such cases will be revealed including notification of appropriate subjects. Signs of scientific unreliability, especially violation of ethical principles in science will be documented by the Editorial Office.

Duties of the Editorial Office

Editors’ duties
Editors know the rules of journal editing including the procedures applied in case of uncovering non-ethical practices.

Decisions on publication
Editor-in Chief is obliged to apply present legal status as to defamation, violation of author’s rights and plagiarism and bears the responsibility for decisions. He/she may consult thematic editors and/or referees in that matter.

Selection of referees
Editorial Office provides appropriate selection of referees and takes care about appropriate course of peer –reviewing (the review has to be substantive).

Every member of editorial team is not allowed to disclose information about submitted paper to any person except its author, referees, other advisors and editors.

To counteract discrimination the Editorial Office obeys the legally binding rules.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Not published papers or their fragments cannot be used in the studies of editorial team or ref-erees without written consent of the author.

Referees' duties

Editorial decisions

Referee supports Editor-in-Chief in taking editorial decisions and may also support author in improving the paper.

Back information
In case a selected referee is not able to review the paper or cannot do it in due time period, he/she should inform secretary of the Editorial Office about this fact.

Objectivity standards
Reviews should be objective. Personal criticism is inappropriate. Referees should clearly ex-press their opinions and support them with proper arguments.

All reviewed papers should be dealt with as confidential. They should not be discussed or revealed to persons other than the secretary of the Editorial Office.

All reviews should be made anonymously and the Editorial Office does not disclose names of the authors to referees.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Confidential information or ideas resulting from reviewing procedure should be kept secret and should not be used to gain personal benefits. Referees should not review papers, which might generate conflict of interests resulting from relationships with the author, firm or institution involved in the study.

Confirmation of sources
Referees should indicate publications which are not referred to in the paper. Any statement that the observation, source or argument was described previously should be supported by appropriate citation. Referee should also inform the secretary of the Editorial Office about significant similarity to or partial overlapping of the reviewed paper with any other published paper and about suspected plagiarism.