Milled false shillings of the Polish-Lithuanian state from the seventeenth century

Journal title

Wiadomości Numizmatyczne






Zeszyt 1-2 (195-196)


Divisions of PAS

Nauki Humanistyczne i Społeczne




Komitet Nauk Historycznych PAN




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 0043-5155


Wiadomości Numizmatyczne; 2013; Rok LVII; Zeszyt 1-2 (195-196); 151-206

Aims and scope

Wiadomości Numizmatyczne’s primary role is to define standards for numismatic research in Poland and to introduce its results into the international exchange of humanistic thought in the broad sense. Since its inception, Wiadomości Numizmatyczne has published articles in Polish but also in established languages of scientific publication (English, French, German, Italian, Russian, Spanish) , which made the journal recognizable beyond Poland’s borders. However, in order to boost its international impact, the journal decided that the texts in the section “Articles,” starting from the 2020 volume, would be published in English (or another of the above languages), albeit with extensive summaries in Polish. Articles in the section “Materials,” which are related to the study of sources, will continue to be published in Polish with extensive summaries in English. An issue entitled Polish Numismatic News, carrying texts in English (or another of the above languages) is published every six years, for the International Numismatic Congress.

Editorial Board

Rada Naukowa

• dr hab. Jarosław Bodzek, prof. UJ, Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie, ORCID 0000-0002-4272-4117

• prof. dr hab. Aleksander Bursche, Wydział Archeologii Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, ORCID 0000-0002-6698-1396

• dr Peter Ilisch, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster

• prof. Kenneth Jonsson, Instytut Archeologii i Kultury Antycznej, Uniwersytet Sztokholmski (Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, Stockholm University), ORCID 0000-0002-7112-3206

• prof. Mykolas Michelbertas, Uniwersytet w Wilnie (emeritus)

• prof. dr hab. Borys Paszkiewicz, Instytut Archeologii Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, ORCID 0000-0001-9148-2751

• prof. Petr Vorel, Wydział Sztuki i Filozofii, Uniwersytet w Pardubicach (Faculty of Arts and Philosophy and the University of Pardubice), ORCID 0000-0002-6452-479X

• prof. Roman Zaoral, Wydział Humanistyczny, Uniwersytet Karola w Pradze (Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, Prague), ORCID 0000-0001-7432-0929


Open Access Policy

Począwszy od 2021 roku czasopismo „Wiadomości Numizmatyczne” jest udostępniane na zasadach Open Access zgodnie z licencją CC-BY wersja 4.0 Międzynarodowa ( na stronie

Ponadto pod podanym adresem, w otwartym dostępie zamieszczono także starsze numery czasopisma (od 2008 roku). Sukcesywnie udostępniane będą również starsze zeszyty.

Publication Ethics Policy

Principles of publication ethics

The editorial board of Wiadomości Numizmatyczne follows the principles of accountability and ethics recommended by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) for all those involved in the publication process and makes every possible effort to prevent any misconduct.


Fairness and impartiality: Submissions are evaluated on the merits of their content alone, without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, citizenship, or political ideology.

Publication decisions: The editor-in-chief is responsible for deciding which of the submitted articles should or should not be published. Decisions on the acceptance of an article for publication or its rejection are made by the editor-in-chief based on reviews that evaluate the article’s content, originality, clarity, and relevance to the scope of the journal. In making decisions, the editor-in-chief consults subject editors. The editor-in-chief is required to observe applicable provisions on defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism, and to take full responsibility for decisions on the publication of articles.

Confidentiality: Editors and members of the Scientific Board must ensure that all materials submitted for publication remain confidential while under review. They may not disclose any information about the submitted manuscripts to anyone except the authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers (e.g. translators), and the publisher.

Disclosure and conflict of interest: Unpublished articles, article excerpts, or materials contained therein may not be used by the editorial board or the editors for the purpose of their own research without the written consent of the authors.

Maintaining the integrity of the scientific record: Editors will safeguard the integrity of the published record, and publish corrections, clarifications, and retractions when needed. At the same time, the editorial board will make every effort to identify any research misconduct or publication misconduct. Plagiarism and articles based on falsified data are unacceptable. When ethical concerns arise about a submitted or published article, editors should take appropriate steps in response. The editors of the journal are always willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.

Retractions of published articles:
The journal’s editors will consider retracting a published article if:
- we have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, as a result of either misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental errors);
- the results were previously published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission, or justification (cases of redundant publication);
- the article constitutes plagiarism or reports unethical research.
Notices of retraction should be linked to the retracted article (by including the title and authors in the retraction heading), clearly identify the retracted article, and state who is retracting the article. Notices of retraction should always include the reason(s) for the retraction, so as to distinguish honest error from misconduct. Retracted articles will be retained in the journal’s print copies and electronic archives, but their retracted status will be marked as prominently as possible.


Reporting standards: Authors of articles presenting the results of original research should provide an accurate account of the work performed and an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the article. An article should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to verify the hypotheses contained therein. Fabrication and the presentation of false or inaccurate research results constitutes unethical behavior and will result in the rejection of a manuscript or the retraction of a published article.

Originality and plagiarism: Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original work, and if the authors have made use of the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism is unacceptable.

Data access: Authors may be asked to provide the raw data for editorial review, and they should be prepared to provide public access to such data and to retain such data for a specified period after the publication of their article.

Multiple or concurrent publications: Authors should in general not publish a manuscript describing the same research in more than one journal. However, in exceptional and justified cases, the editorial board of Wiadomości Numizmatyczne will consider publishing a text published in another journal, provided that it was addressed to a different audience and in a different language.

Authorship: Articles in Wiadomości Numizmatyczne may be published only under the names of individuals who have made a significant contribution as authors and are responsible for the content of such articles. All persons whose contributions to the creation of the submitted article are negligible (for example, limited to providing research materials) may be mentioned in the acknowledgments, but they must not be listed as authors. In the case of doubts, the editorial board will asks for a description of the contribution of each person listed as an author. Authors should also disclose, in a footnote or in the acknowledgments, information about individuals and institutions that contributed to the creation of the article by making content-related, material, or financial contributions. The corresponding author should ensure that only appropriate individuals are listed as co-authors of the article and that such co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the article and agreed to its submission for publication. Cases of scientific misconduct will be documented and disclosed.

Acknowledgement of sources: Authors should ensure the proper acknowledgement of the results of the work of other researchers. For this reason, they should cite publications they have used as sources of information and hypotheses when writing their articles.

Fundamental errors in published papers: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal’s editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the article.


Contribution to editorial decisions: Peer reviews assist editors in making editorial decisions and may assist authors in improving their articles.

Promptness: Any reviewer who does not feel competent to review a submitted article or knows that its timely review will be impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.

Confidentiality: The whole of a manuscript received for review must be treated as a confidential document. It must not be shown to or discussed with anyone except the persons authorized by the editor.

Standards of objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Reviewers should express their views clearly, using appropriate supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources: Any substantial similarity or overlap between the article under review and any other published article should be reported to the editor. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.

Disclosure and conflict of interest: Information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and must not be used for the reviewer’s personal advantage. Reviewers should not agree to review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from collaborative or other relationships with any of the authors, companies, or institutions involved in writing the article. Authors have the right to respond to the critical remarks of reviewers.

Peer-review Procedure

Review procedure

- All scientific articles submitted to the editorial board of Wiadomości Numizmatyczne are subject to a double-blind review.

- Every scientific article is peer-reviewed by independent experts in the relevant specialization.

- The editorial board will make every effort to select reviewers with no professional or private relationship with the author of the text being reviewed.

- Reviewers are required to provide an objective review of the submitted article.

- Reviewers are required to disclose any irregularities that they discover, in particular any forms of plagiarism.

- Reviews must be made in writing and must include a clear evaluation of the submitted article.

- Reviewers evaluate whether or not the article is eligible for publication. The evaluation is based on the following criteria: whether the topic is approached in an innovative manner, whether the article takes into account the most recent subject literature, whether appropriate methodology has been used, and what impact the article will have on the current state of research in the field.

- The articles under review are treated as confidential.

- The reviewers remain anonymous.

- Authors are required to participate in the review process, in particular to incorporate or respond to suggested corrections and to remove identified errors.

- Once a year, the editorial board of Wiadomości Numizmatyczne publishes a list of reviewers collaborating with the journal on a specific issue. The list is published in the journal’s print issue and on the journal’s website.

Plagiarism Policy

The journal observes the principles of scientific transparency and integrity.
We therefore accept no forms of plagiarism, ghostwriting, or honorary authorship. In order to prevent these, relevant provisions have been included into the agreements signed with authors.
All the articles intended for publication in the journal are screened for plagiarism using the iThenticate software.