Nauki Techniczne

Archive of Mechanical Engineering

Zawartość

Archive of Mechanical Engineering | 2019 | vol. 66 | No 3 |

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Abstrakt

This paper presents an extended finite element method applied to solve phase change problems taking into account natural convection in the liquid phase. It is assumed that the transition from one state to another, e.g., during the solidification of pure metals, is discontinuous and that the physical properties of the phases vary across the interface. According to the classical Stefan condition, the location, topology and rate of the interface changes are determined by the jump in the heat flux. The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations with the Boussinesq approximation of the natural convection flow are solved for the liquid phase. The no-slip condition for velocity and the melting/freezing condition for temperature are imposed on the interface using penalty method. The fractional four-step method is employed for analysing conjugate heat transfer and unsteady viscous flow. The phase interface is tracked by the level set method defined on the same finite element mesh. A new combination of extended basis functions is proposed to approximate the discontinuity in the derivative of the temperature, velocity and the pressure fields. The single-mesh approach is demonstrated using three two-dimensional benchmark problems. The results are compared with the numerical and experimental data obtained by other authors.

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Bibliografia

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Paweł Stąpór
1

  1. Faculty of Management and Computer Modelling, Kielce University of Technology, Kielce, Poland.
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Abstrakt

LED light must be cooled to avoid reaching a certain temperature. Two different 3D practical domains of LED light are modelled, (i) square aluminium plate with a cylindrical plate and an LED module (model I), (ii) the same provision of model I with 25 fins (model II). ANSYS 16.0 is used for solving the problem. Temperature distribution, junction temperature (Tj) and heat flux are estimated. Analyses are carried out for various ambient temperatures (Ta) and for different LED power dissipations (Q) to identify the safe operating conditions. In model I, it is found that 38% of working conditions go beyond the critical limit of Tj and it is reduced to 21.4% in model II. In model II, for low Ta of 30 and 40ºC with all Q considered in this analysis are safer. If Ta is between 30 and 80ºC, then Q must be maintained at 0.5 to 1.25 W. Beyond this, conditions are not safe.

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Bibliografia

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Manbodh Kumar Mishra
1
V.P. Chandramohan
1
Karthik Balasubramanian
1

  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Warangal, Telangana, India.
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Abstrakt

This work is devoted to the plotting of coupler curves in the environment of graphical programs. As there is a large variety of shapes, for the purpose of this study, the authors selected those curves that feature a cusp form. In the research, two software programs were used, i.e., AutoCAD and Rhinoceros with the Grasshopper plug-in. Two types of curves were defined: a fixed and a moving centrode, in which the points of the moving centrode define the coupler curves whose cusps are located on the fixed centrode. In conclusion, two design tools were compared and the curves in question were discussed in detail.

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Bibliografia

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Krystyna Romaniak
1
Michał Nessel
1

  1. Department of Architecture, Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, Poland.
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Abstrakt

In the present work, an experimental investigation of a transverse fatigue crack has been carried out. A mathematical modelling of cracked rotor system along with the measured vibration is used to find crack parameters that not only detect the fault but also quantify it. Many experimental studies on cracks considered the crack as a slit or notch, which remains open. However, such flaws do not mimic a fatigue crack behavior, in which crack front opens and closes (i.e., breathes in a single revolution of the rotor). The fatigue crack in rotors commonly depicts 2x frequency component in the response, as well as higher frequency components, such as 3x, 4x and so on. In rotors, both forward and backward whirling take place due to asymmetry in rotor, and thus the fatigue crack gives the forward and backward whirl for all such harmonics. A rotor test rig was developed with a fatigue crack in it; rotor motions in two orthogonal directions were captured from the rig at discrete rotor angular speeds using proximity probes. The directional-spectrum processing technique has been utilized to the measured displacements to get its forward and backward whirl components. Subsequently, it is executed in a mathematical model-based estimation procedure to obtain the crack forces, residual unbalances, and remaining rotor system unknown variables. Estimation of crack forces during rotation of the shaft gives its characteristics, which can be used further to develop newer crack models.

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Bibliografia

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[27] L.G.G. Villani, S. da Siva, and A. Cunha Jr. Damage detection in uncertain nonlinear systems based on stochastic Volterra series. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 125:288–310, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.ymssp.2018.07.028.
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Autorzy i Afiliacje

C. Shravankumar
1
Rajiv Tiwari
1

  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati – 781039, India.
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Abstrakt

In times of rapidly progressing globalization, the possibility of fast long-distance travel between high traffic cities has become an extremely important issue. Currently, available transportation systems have numerous limitations, therefore, the idea of a high-speed transportation system moving in reduced-pressure conditions has emerged recently. This paper presents an approach to the modelling and simulation of the dynamic behaviour of a simplified high-speed vehicle that hovers over the track as a magnetically levitated system. The developed model is used for control system design. The purpose of passive and active suspension discussed in the text is to improve both the performance and stability of the vehicle as well as ride comfort of passengers travelling in a compartment. Comparative numerical studies are performed and the results of the simulations are reported in the paper with the intent to demonstrate the benefits of the approach employed here.

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Bibliografia

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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Natalia Strawa
1
Paweł Malczyk
1

  1. Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics, Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland.
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Abstrakt

The paper describes the dynamics of a composite cantilever beam with an active element. The vibrations of the kinematically excited beam are controlled with the use of a Macro Fiber Composite actuator. A proportional control algorithm is considered. During the analysis, actuator is powered by a time-varying voltage signal that is changed proportionally to the beam deflection. The MFC element control system with the implemented algorithm allowed for changing the stiffness of the tested structure. This is confirmed by the numerical and experimental results. Resonance curves for the beam with and without control are determined. The results show a very good agreement in qualitative terms.

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Bibliografia

[1] R.B.Williams, G. Park, D.J. Inman, and W.K.Wilkie. An overview of composite actuators with piezoceramic fibers. In: Proceedings of 20th International Modal Analysis Conference, Los Angeles, CA, 4–7 February, 2002, SPIE – The International Society for Optical Engineering, 4753:421–427, 2002.
[2] B.W. Lacroix. On the mechanics, computational modeling and design implementation of piezoelectric actuators on micro air vehicles. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA, 2013.
[3] T.A. Probst. Evaluating the Aerodynamic Performance of MFC-Actuated Morphing Wings to Control a Small UAV. Masters Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, USA, 2012.
[4] M. Borowiec, M. Bochenski, J. Gawryluk, and M. Augustyniak. Analysis of the macro fiber composite characteristics for energy harvesting efficiency. In: Awrejcewicz J., editor, Dynamical Systems: Theoretical and Experimental Analysis, vol. 182 of Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statistics Series, pages 27–37, 2016. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-42408-8_3.
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[8] A. Mitura, J. Gawryluk, and A. Teter. Numerical and experimental studies on the rotating rotor with three active composite blades. Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability, 4(19):572–581, 2017. doi: 10.17531/ein.2017.4.11.
[9] J. Gawryluk, A. Mitura, and A. Teter. Dynamic response of a composite beam rotating at constant speed caused by harmonic excitation with MFC actuator. Composite Structures, 210:657–662, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2018.11.083.
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[15] H.A. Sodano. Macro-Fiber Composites for Sensing, Actuation and Power Generation. Masters Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, USA, 2003.
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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Jarosław Gawryluk
1
Andrzej Mitura
1
Andrzej Teter
1

  1. Department of Applied Mechanics, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Lublin University of Technology, Lublin, Poland.

Instrukcja dla autorów

About the Journal
Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an international journal publishing works of wide significance, originality and relevance in most branches of mechanical engineering. The journal is peer-reviewed and is published both in electronic and printed form. Archive of Mechanical Engineering publishes original papers which have not been previously published in other journal, and are not being prepared for publication elsewhere. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. The journal accepts papers in English.

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