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Archive of Mechanical Engineering | 2021 | vol. 68 | No 2 |

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Abstract

The perspective of the current analysis is to represent the incompressible viscous flow past a low permeable spheroid contained in a fictitious spheroidal cell. Stokes approximation and Darcy’s equation are adopted to govern the flow in the fluid and permeable zone, respectively. Happel’s and Kuwabara’s cell models are employed as the boundary conditions at the cell surface. At the fluid porous interface, we suppose the conditions of conservation of mass, balancing of pressure component at the permeable area with the normal stresses in the liquid area, and the slip condition, known as Beavers-Joseph-Saffman-Jones condition to be well suitable. A closed-form analytical expression for hydrodynamic drag on the bounded spheroidal particle is determined and therefore, mobility of the particle is also calculated, for both the case of a prolate as well as an oblate spheroid. Several graphs and tables are plotted to observe the dependence of normalized mobility on pertinent parameters including permeability, deformation, the volume fraction of the particle, slip parameter, and the aspect ratio. Significant results that influence the impact of the above parameters in the problem have been pointed out. Our work is validated by referring to previous results available in literature as reduction cases.
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Authors and Affiliations

Tina Bucha
1
ORCID: ORCID
Madasu Krishna Prasad
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Department of Mathematics, National Institute of Technology, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
  2. Department of Mathematics, National Institute of Technology, Raipur-492010, Chhattisgarh, India
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Abstract

The present theoretical study is concerned with the analysis of surface roughness effects on the steady-state performance of stepped circular hydrostatic thrust bearings lubricated with non-Newtonian fluids: Rabinowitsch fluid model. To take the effects of surface roughness into account, Christensen’s theory for rough surfaces has been adopted. The expression for pressure gradient has been derived in stochastic form employing the energy integral approach. Results for stochastic film pressure and loadcarrying capacity have been plotted and analyzed based on numerical results. Due to surface roughness, significant variations in the theoretical results of these properties have been observed.
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Authors and Affiliations

Udaya P. Singh
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Rajkiya Engineering College, Sonbhadra, Uttar Pradesh, India
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Abstract

Operating cranes is challenging because payloads cane xperience large and dangerous oscillations. Anti-sway control of crane payload can be approached by the active methods, such as feedback control, or passive methods. The feedback control uses the feedback measurement of swing vibration to produce the command sent to a motor. The feedback control shows good effectiveness, but conflict with the actions of the human operator is a challenge of this method. The passive method uses the spring-damper to dissipate energy. The passive method does not cause conflict with the human operator but has limited performance. This paper presents the combination of two methods to overcome the disadvantages of each separate one. The passive method is used to improve the efficiency of the feedback method to avoid conflicts with the human operator. The effectiveness of the combination is simulated in a 2D crane model.
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Authors and Affiliations

Trong Kien Nguyen
1

  1. Faculty of Civil Engineering, Vinh University, Vinh City, Nghe An, Vietnam
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Abstract

The paper presents a numerical analysis carried out to determine the influence of the ground surface fire on the strain level of shelter housing with the ground cover. It is assumed that the underground shelter is longitudinal and the fire spans on an extensive area. The area surrounding the housing was treated as a material with average constant thermodynamic values. The heating and cooling processes were described on the basis of the Fourier’s equation concerning heat conduction in consideration on material, ground and concrete heterogeneous nature. The numeric analysis was carried out in two stages. In the first stage, a quasi-stationary initial temperature distribution was sought in the ground centre and shelter shield. In the second stage of analysis, the fire effect was considered according to the time profile of temperature variation in object.
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Authors and Affiliations

Adam Baryłka
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Centre of Construction Expertise, Warsaw, Poland
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Abstract

Heat transfer augmentation has become the utmost industrial desire. Turbulence promoters seems to be a better option for better heat transfer but at the expense of enormous pressure drop. In the current study, experimental optimization of heat transfer and pressure drop in various configurations of ribbed and corrugated surfaces on the bottom wall of the Solar Air Heater channel, having aspect ratio of 26:5 was performed. The results were evaluated in terms of enhancement in heat transfer (Nu/Nu s), friction factor ratio (f/f s) and thermal performance factor ( η). Three different cases and nine configurations with a pitch to rib/corrugation height ratio of 4.0 were studied. Case A consists of a smooth, continuous square rib, inline and staggered broken ribs. Case B comprises 30°, 45°, 60° and 90° trapezoidal corrugated geometries while Case C is the comparison of smooth, wavy corrugated and the best configurations of cases A and B. The results show that rectangular duct with staggered broken ribs and trapezoidal corrugation at 45° are the best configurations for case A and B, respectively. The 45° corrugated configuration is the best one amongst all, with values of 1.53, 1.5 and 1.33% for Nu/Nu s, f/f s and η respectively.
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Authors and Affiliations

Waseem Siddique
1
Aneeq Raheem
1
Muhammad Aqeel
2
Sualeh Qayyum
2
Tareq Salamen
3
Khalid Waheed
2
Kamran Qureshi
1

  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
  2. Department of Nuclear Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
  3. Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering Department, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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Abstract

The article describes how different friction coefficients under certain cutting conditions and parameters affect the formation of the stress-strain and thermal states of the product when titanium alloy machining. A new research methodology is used for the study. Firstly, in the initial data for simulation, each time a different declared coefficient of friction is proposed, and every such task of the cutting process modelling is solved for various cutting parameters. The second stage analyzes how these coefficients influence the stress-strain and thermodynamic state of the workpiece and tool during cutting, as well as the tool wear dynamics. In the third stage of the study, ways for ensuring these analytically-grounded tribological cutting conditions are proposed. The analysis of different wear criteria in the simulation models of titanium alloys cutting is carried out. Experimental studies confirm simulation results.
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Authors and Affiliations

Vadym Stupnytskyy
1
ORCID: ORCID
Xianning She
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine

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