Applied sciences

Archive of Mechanical Engineering

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Archive of Mechanical Engineering | 2020 | vol. 67 | No 1 |

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Abstract

Marine structures are one of the most important industrial and military equipment in each country that should be protected against external forces. The main aim of this paper is a detailed investigation of the underwater explosion (UNDEX) and its effects on marine structures. For this purpose, the UNDEX structure was studied qualitatively and quantitatively using numerical methods. Then, the effects of blast waves on a marine structure reinforced by perpendicular blades were investigated. Finite element and finite volume schemes were used for discretization of the governing equations in the solid and fluid media, respectively. Also, for fluid-structure interaction (FSI), results of fluid and solid media were mapped to each other using the two-way FSI coupling methods. A comparison of numerical results with the empirical formula revealed that the trend of pressure-time curves was reasonable, approving the validity of the numerical method. Moreover, the numerical results indicated that detonation of 1 kg trinitrotoluene (TNT) creates a pressure wave with maximum amplitude of 24 MPa at a distance of 2 m. Also, it was found that the reinforcement blades can be used to improve the resistance of structures against explosive charges, which also results in the reduction of structures deformation.

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Authors and Affiliations

Arman Jafari Valdani
1
Armen Adamian
1

  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
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Abstract

The modified configuration of the 155 mm rocket assisted projectile equipped with lateral thrusters was proposed. Six degree of freedom mathematical model was used to investigate the quality of the considered projectile. Impact point prediction guidance scheme intended for low control authority projectile was developed to minimize the dispersion radius. Simple point mass model was applied to calculate the impact point coordinates during the flight. Main motor time delay impact on range characteristics was investigated. Miss distance errors and Circular Error Probable for various lateral thruster total impulse were obtained. Monte-Carlo simulations proved that the impact point dispersion could be reduced significantly when the circular array of 15 solid propellant lateral thrusters was used. Single motor operation time was set to be 0.025~s. Finally, the warhead radii of destruction were analyzed.

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Authors and Affiliations

Adrian Szklarski
1
Robert Głębocki
1
Mariusz Jacewicz
1

  1. Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering, Warszaw University of Technology, Poland
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Abstract

Natural fiber polymer composites are gaining focus as low cost and light weight composite material due to the availability and ecofriendly nature of the natural fiber. Fiber composites are widely used in civil engineering, marine and aerospace industries where dynamic loads and environmental loads persist. Dynamic analysis of these composites under different loading and environmental conditions is essential before their usage. The present study focuses on the dynamic behavior of areca nut husk reinforced epoxy composites under different loading frequencies (5 Hz, 10 Hz and 15 Hz) and different temperatures (ranging from 28ºC to 120ºC). The effect of loading and temperature on storage modulus, loss modulus and glass transition temperature was analyzed. Increase in storage modulus is observed with increase in loading frequency. The storage modulus decreases with increase in temperature. The glass transition temperature of the composite is determined to be 105ºC. The elastic modulus calculated from the DMA data is compared with three point bending test.

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Authors and Affiliations

N. Muralidhar
1
Kaliveeran Vadivuchezhian
1
V. Arumugam
2
I. Srinivasula Reddy
1

  1. Department of Applied Mechanics and Hydraulics, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Mangalore, India.
  2. Department of Aerospace Engineering, Madras Institute of Technology, Anna University, Chennai, India.
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Abstract

Hard turning is a machining process that is widely used in the precision mechanical industry. The characterization of the functional surface texture by the ISO 13565 standard holds a key role in automotive mechanics. Until now, the impact of cutting conditions during hard turning operation on the bearing area curve parameters has not been studied (ISO 13565). The three parameters Rpk , Rk and Rvk illustrate the ability of the surface texture to resist friction. In this work, the main objective is to study the impact of cutting conditions (Vc, f and ap) of the hard turning on three parameters of the bearing area curve. The statistical study based on response surface methodology (RSM), analysis of variance (ANOVA) and quadratic regression were performed to model the three output parameters and optimize the input parameters. The experimental design used in this study is the Taguchi L25 orthogonal array. The results obtained show that the cutting speed has a greater effect on the bearing ratio curve (Rpk , Rk and Rvk ) parameters with a percentage contribution of 37.68%, 37.65% and 36.91%, respectively. The second significant parameter is the feed rate and the other parameter is significant only in relation to Rpk and Rk parameters.

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Authors and Affiliations

Amine Hamdi
1 2
Sidi Mohammed Merghache
2
Toufik Aliouane
1

  1. Laboratory of Applied Optics (LAO), Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, University Ferhat Abbas Setif 1, 19000, Algeria.
  2. Institute of Sciences & Technology, University Center of Tissemsilt, 38000, Algeria.
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Abstract

This article concerns fully developed laminar flow of a viscous incompressible fluid in a long composite cylindrical channel. Channel consist of three regions. Outer and inner regions are of uniform permeability and mid region is a clear region. Brinkman equation is used as a governing equation of motion in the porous region and Stokes equation is used for the clear fluid region. Analytical expressions for velocity profiles, rate of volume flow and shear stress on the boundaries surface are obtained and exhibited graphically. Effect of permeability variation parameter on the flow characteristics has been discussed.

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Authors and Affiliations

Sanjeeva Kumar Singh
1
Vineet Kumar Verma
1

  1. Department of Mathematics and Astronomy, University of Lucknow, India.
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Abstract

This paper deals with two control algorithms which utilize learning of their models’ parameters. An adaptive and artificial neural network control techniques are described and compared. Both control algorithms are implemented in MATLAB and Simulink environment, and they are used in the simulation of a postion control of the LWR 4+ manipulator subjected to unknown disturbances. The results, showing the better performance of the artificial neural network controller, are shown. Advantages and disadvantages of both controllers are discussed. The usefulness of the learning algorithms for the control of LWR 4+ robots is discussed. Preliminary experiments dealing with dynamic properties of the two LWR 4+ robots are reported.

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Authors and Affiliations

Łukasz Woliński
1

  1. Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland.

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