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ACADEMIA - The magazine of the Polish Academy of Sciences | 2022 | No 3 (75) Turning Points

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Abstract

The first direct observation of gravitational waves was a major breakthrough in contemporary astronomy – and Polish scientists made major contributions to the discovery.
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Authors and Affiliations

Andrzej Królak
1
Piotr Jaranowski
2

  1. Institute of Mathematics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw
  2. Faculty of Physics, University of Białystok
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Abstract

Our daily diet contains carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, minerals, and vitamins – nutrients that provide us with energy and serve as the building blocks of our bodies. However, we are increasingly learning that what we eat also interacts with the genes in our cells in important ways.
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Authors and Affiliations

Carsten Carlberg
1

  1. PAS Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research in Olsztyn
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Abstract

Computed tomography is opening up new possibilities for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. If used routinely as a future screening method, it can detect the disease at a very early stage.
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Authors and Affiliations

Cezary Kępka
1

  1. Institute of Cardiology in Warsaw
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Abstract

The Earth’s atmosphere contains various dust particles that scatter and absorb solar radiation. Their amount and type affect the temperature on Earth – but how do we know what’s up there?
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Authors and Affiliations

Iwona Stachlewska
1

  1. Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw
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Abstract

To try to really understand our position in the world – and not just in the academic sense – we need not only to survey the situation around us, but also to carefully peer into the past. And so, let us at least attempt a cursory glance examining the last century-and-a-half of turbulent change in the field of the humanities.
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Authors and Affiliations

Danuta Ulicka
1

  1. Department of Poetics, Literary Theory, and Methodology of Literary Studies, Institute of Polish Literature, University of Warsaw
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Abstract

For those who experience it, sexual violence is a traumatic event, one that marks a major turning point in their lives. Recent years have witnessed many social changes affecting attitudes towards this type of violence.
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Authors and Affiliations

Anna Woźniak
1

  1. SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Warsaw
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Abstract

Kamil Śliwowski of the Information Society Development Foundation explains how the current reach and scale of the Internet entail a new stage of civilization – irrespective of what technologies ultimately gain the widest popularity.
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Authors and Affiliations

Kamil Śliwowski
1

  1. Information Society Development Foundation (FRSI), Warsaw
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Abstract

The landscape near the town of Suwałki in northeastern Poland shows intriguing signs of super-massive catastrophic flooding at the end of the last ice age.
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Authors and Affiliations

Piotr Weckwerth
1

  1. Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
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Abstract

Combining two different surveying methods – ground-penetrating radars and magnetometry – using the Amplitude Data Comparison method (ADCM) offers archeologists a new, cutting-edge tool to unravel the mysteries of the past.
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Authors and Affiliations

Fabian Welc
1

  1. Institute of Archaeology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University in Warsaw
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Abstract

Genetic engineering is now a reality. If used wisely, it can be beneficial for humans. A good example is offered by gene therapies that put viruses to work.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mirosław Ząbek
1 2
Paweł Obierzyński
1 2
Adrian Drożdż
1 3

  1. Interventional Neurology Center (INC), Department of Neurosurgery, Bródno Mazovian Hospital in Warsaw
  2. Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Center for Post-Graduate Education (CMKP)
  3. Center for Biostructure Research, Medical University of Warsaw
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Abstract

The kingdom of fungi comprises some of the most mysterious, poorly studied, and diverse organisms on our planet. The pioneering DNA-based technology known as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is now revolutionizing our understanding of fungal taxonomy, systematics, and ecology.
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Authors and Affiliations

Marcin Pietras
1

  1. Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kórnik
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Abstract

A social revolution can sometimes be a healthy reaction of the social fabric in need of regeneration, says Dr. Anna Wylegała of the PAS Institute of Philosophy and Sociology.
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Authors and Affiliations

Anna Wylegała
1

  1. Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences
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Abstract

Perovskite solar cells represent the biggest breakthrough in photovoltaics in decades, bringing a chance for affordable and widely available green energy. They are suitable in areas where silicon cells have fallen short.
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Authors and Affiliations

Olaf Szewczyk
1

  1. Saule Technologies in Warsaw
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Abstract

Coral reefs, commonly found in tropical coastal areas, are the world’s most complex marine ecosystems. But how do deeperwater corals differ from easier-to-study reefs in shallower waters?
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Authors and Affiliations

Mikołaj K. Zapalski
1

  1. Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw
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Abstract

Innovative treatments that actually involve damaging certain parts of the brain may represent some patients’ only chance for recovery.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mirosław Ząbek
1 2
Paweł Obierzyński
1 2
Adrian Drożdż
1 3

  1. Interventional Neurology Center (INC), Department of Neurosurgery, Bródno Mazovian Hospital in Warsaw
  2. Department of Neurosurgery, Medical Center for Post-Graduate Education (CMKP)
  3. Center for Biostructure Research, Medical University of Warsaw
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Abstract

Prof. Jacek Jemielity of the Centre of New Technologies, University of Warsaw, talks about tailor-made cancer therapies and explains what coronavirus vaccines have to do with cancer treatment.
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Authors and Affiliations

Jacek Jemielity
1

  1. Centre of New Technologies, University of Warsaw
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Abstract

Prof. Stanisław Karpiński discusses groundbreaking research into how plants communicate, remember stress, and process information.
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Authors and Affiliations

Stanisław Karpiński
1

  1. Warsaw University of Life Sciences (SGGW)
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Abstract

Gravitational waves are not a rare phenomenon that happens only once in a while in our universe. Rather, such waves pass through the Earth on a daily basis, generated by cosmic events of various types. Studying their origins can teach us a great deal about the universe at large.
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Authors and Affiliations

Amedeo Romagnolo
1

  1. Nicolaus Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences
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Abstract

Rare-earth elements have countless applications in electronic devices that use state-of-the-art technologies. Experimental research is aimed at making it easier to find them, by predicting their behavior in the processes that form mineral ores.
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Authors and Affiliations

Bogusław Bagiński
1

  1. Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw

Authors and Affiliations

Katarzyna Kasia
1

  1. Department of Culture Theory, Faculty of Management of Visual Culture, Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw
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Abstract

Transcatheter valve replacement often saves patients’ lives. The procedure has become relatively safe and very effective, and may soon become common practice.
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Authors and Affiliations

Adam Witkowski
1

  1. National Institute of Cardiology in Warsaw

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