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ACADEMIA - The magazine of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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ACADEMIA - The magazine of the Polish Academy of Sciences | 2021 | No 2 (70) Boundaries |

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Abstract

Does science have outer limits? Where are the boundaries of the universe, and what lies beyond them? What will the end of science entail?
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Authors and Affiliations

Andrzej Kajetan Wróblewski
1

  1. Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, (prof. em.)
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Abstract

Human rights provide the rationale behind the functioning of the state, while at the same time imposing certain limits on its actions. How does Poland’s Constitution protect the rights of individuals, and what limitations come into play in the state–citizen relationship?
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Authors and Affiliations

Mirosław Wyrzykowski
1

  1. Faculty of Law and Administration, University of Warsaw
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Abstract

The boundaries of humanity are the ideas that trace out the very limits of what we call human, together with the attendant values, duties, and categories. To understand these better, we first need to scrutinize the two underlying concepts: the notion of boundary and the notion of a human being.
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Authors and Affiliations

Joanna Hańderek
1

  1. Institute of Philosophy, Jagiellonian University
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Abstract

Modern technologies have helped us push the boundaries of geology and begin exploration of other planets. Great strides have been made in the study of Mars, which is slowly yielding up its secrets.
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Authors and Affiliations

Krzysztof Gaidzik
1
Justyna Ciesielczuk
1
Monika Fabiańska
1
Magdalena Misz-Kennan
1
Pádhraig S . Kennan
2

  1. University of Silesia in Katowice
  2. University College Dublin, Ireland
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Abstract

Orchids are a fascinating world unto themselves, featuring incredible diversity of species, myriad forms and dazzling colors. At the same time, orchids are among the least explored groups of plants, with much work left to be done on their careful classification and study. How should different orchid species be distinguished, and how should the boundaries between different genera be delineated?
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Authors and Affiliations

Marta Kolanowska
1 2

  1. Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Łódź, Poland
  2. Department of Biodiversity Research, Global Change Research Institute AS CR, Brno, Czechia
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Abstract

On the difference between environmental and climate migration and the reasons why migrants should be treated as active agents, rather than passive victims.
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Authors and Affiliations

Justyna Orłowska
1
Karolina Sobczak-Szelc
2

  1. Unit of Socioeconomic Effects of Climate Change, National Center for Climate Change
  2. Centre of Migration Research, University of Warsaw
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Abstract

Brain research is enabling us to stretch the very limits of human cognition. However, exploring the mysteries of the brain has limits of its own, many of which we are still struggling to overcome.
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Authors and Affiliations

Piotr Durka
1
Krystian Dereziński
2

  1. Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw
  2. Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
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Abstract

We are setting new sports records and conquering space, but are helpless against climate change and new viruses. Prof. Andrzej W. Ziemba talks about the human body’s abilities.
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Authors and Affiliations

Andrzej W. Ziemba
1

  1. Mossakowski Medical Research Center, Polish Academy of Sciences
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Abstract

Kazimiera Szczuka talks about the late Prof. Maria Janion – a humanistic visionary, a revolutionary scholar of Romanticism, and a modest “maestra” in the eyes of her students.
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Authors and Affiliations

Kazimiera Szczuka
1

  1. Institute of Literary Research, Polish Academy of Sciences
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Abstract

Small as they are, such deformation structures occur in extensive clusters. They can provide valuable geological information and may pose a challenge for prospecting engineers.
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Authors and Affiliations

Piotr Strzelecki
1

  1. Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków
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Abstract

The pandemic has exposed the precarious employment situation of artists, but also created a chance for truly equal access to theater. Maria Babicka and Justyna Czarnota-Misztal discuss the findings of a set of studies on how Polish theaters have coped in these trying times.
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Authors and Affiliations

Maria Babicka
1 2
Justyna Czarnota-Misztal
3

  1. Department of Culture Research, Methods at the Institute of Applied Social Sciences, University of Warsaw
  2. Department of Theater Pedagogy, Zbigniew Raszewski Theater Institute
  3. Department of Theatre Pedagogy, Zbigniew Raszewski Theatre Institute
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Abstract

What is migration? Who are the people that migrate, and what drives them to do so?
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Authors and Affiliations

Józef M. Fiszer
1 2

  1. Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
  2. Lazarski University
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Abstract

On the one hand, mathematics draws inspiration from everyday life and has the ambition to model it through a precise logical system, while on the other, it contributes new, sometimes very abstract ideas which expand our imagination and broaden our understanding of the surrounding reality. This is clearly illustrated when we scrutinize various mathematical concepts centered around the notion of “boundary.”
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Authors and Affiliations

Agnieszka Jurlewicz
1

  1. Chair of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics, Wrocław University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The distribution of lignite deposits in Poland turns out to be closely related to tectonic boundaries and the occurrence of salt deposits. What mechanism underlies the connection between these elements?
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Authors and Affiliations

Paweł Urbański
1
Jacek Kasiński
1

  1. Polish Geological Institute - National Research Institute
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Abstract

What are the limits of species distribution in biogeography? How do we reconstruct them for organisms that lived in the past, and how do we study them today? How have the ranges of species changed, and why is this knowledge so important to us?
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Authors and Affiliations

Adam Boratyński
1

  1. Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Kórnik
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Abstract

What is a Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) benchmark, and what role does it play in delineating geological boundaries?
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Authors and Affiliations

Andrzej Wierzbowski
1

  1. Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw

Authors and Affiliations

Katarzyna Kasia
1

  1. Department of Culture Theory, Faculty of Management of Visual Culture, Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw

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