The purpose of the work was to experimentally determine the characteristics of the prototype of a Roto-Jet pump (the Pitot tube pump) during its operation under conditions typical for the domestic micro power plant. The low-boiling fluid, sold under the trade name of HFE7100 and characterised by a zero ozone depletion potential (ODP) coefficient, was used as a working medium in the organic Rankine cycle (ORC). An electric thermal oil heater with a maximum power of 2×24 kWe was used as a heat source. The pump of Roto-Jet type was specially designed for the operation with the following rated parameters of the thermodynamic cycle: nominal flow rate of the working fluid 0.17 kg/s, operating pressure 1.2 MPa. The pump was put under load using an expansion valve that simulated the operation of an expansion machine. The article discusses thermodynamic and flow conditions to be met by the pumping engine as well as results of the experimental research. Moreover, the article includes the operational characteristics of the ORC installation and the Roto-Jet pump obtained during the operation with the target working medium – HFE7100. The engineering problems the authors of this article faced when designing and testing the pumping engine prototype are also presented.
The pump performance and occurrence of cavitation directly depends on different operating conditions. To cover a wide range of operation conditions for detecting cavitation in this work, investigations on the effect of various suction valve openings on cavitation in the pump were carried out. In order to analyse various levels of cavitation in different operation conditions, the effect of the decrease in the inlet suction pressure of the centrifugal pump by controlling the inlet suction valve opening was investigated using this experimental setup. Hence, the acoustic and pressure signals under different inlet valve openings and different flow rates, namely, 103, 200, 302 l/min were collected for this purpose. A detailed analysis of the results obtained from the acoustic signal was carried out to predict cavitation in the pump under different operating conditions. Also, the acoustic signal was investigated in time domain through the use of the same statistical features. The FFT technique was used to analyse the acoustic signal in the frequency domain. In addition, in this work an attempt was made to find a relationship between the cavitation and noise characteristics using the acoustic technique for identifying cavitation within a pump.
For most precious metal mines, cemented tailings backfill slurry (CTBS) with different cement-sand ratio and solid concentration are transported into the gobs to keep the stability of the stope and mitigate environmental pollution by mine tailing. However, transporting several kinds of CTBS through the same pipeline will increase the risk of pipe plugging. Therefore, the joint impacts of cement-sand ratio and solid concentration on the rheological characteristics of CTBS need a more in-depth study. Based on the experiments of physical and mechanical parameters of fresh slurry, the loss of pumping pressure while transporting CTBS with different cement-sand ratio, flux and solid mass concentration were measured using pumping looping pipe experiments to investigate the joint impacts of cement-sand ratio and solid concentration on the rheological characteristics of CTBS. Meanwhile, the effect of different stopped pumping time on blockage accident was revealed and discussed by the restarting pumping experiments. Furthermore, Fluent software was applied to calculate the pressure loss and velocity distribution in the pipeline to further analysis experimental results. The overall trends of the simulation results were good agreement with the experiment results. Then, the numerical model of the pipeline in the Sanshandao gold mine was conducted to simulate the characteristics of CTBS pipeline transportation. The results show that the pumping pressure of the delivery pump can meet the transportation requirements when there is no blockage accident. This can provide a theoretical method for the parameters optimizing in the pipeline transportation system.
We consider the manure removal system, which is used in most pig farms being built and reconstructed at present in Ukraine, and it has been discovered that there are major mistakes during the baths construction in the correct geometry and depth, and therefore discusses their rules of operation. If the baths geometry is wrongly executed, for instance, if the slope is made to slant toward the bottom of the tub filler drain pipe, which in itself is unacceptable, or not properly executed in the form of a special pit steps towards the neck drain, and etc., then a number of problems is inherent of its exploitation. The basic requirements for laying fused-pipe is compliance with its slope. The considered equipment must be equipped with pumping stations to pump manure. The pumps for pumping manure: submersible sewage pumps and dry-installed in the mine and long sewage pumps with electric or PTO shaft of a tractor were analyzed. Attention was paid to the designing of modern equipment for the distribution of manure waste into fractions. The classification of manure storage and the basic requirements for their placement and arrangement was carried out, and recommendations are made for the designing of pumping stations, to select pumps for the pumping stations and the design during the modern construction and reconstruction of old pig farms.
The paper presents numerical simulation of two-phase flow in a heated capillary with evaporation on the meniscus. To solve the problem, a model of evaporation from meniscus was developed in which the dynamics of liquid-vapour interface is described by the Cahn-Hilliard equation. The numerical simulations were performed using commercial software for 2D axially symmetric case. The flow evolution was analysed for different values of heat transfer coefficient at the capillary wall and inlet liquid mass flow rate.
This paper extends knowledge about flow in an agitated batch with pitched blade multi-stage impellers. Effects of various geometrical parameters (blade number, distance between impellers) of pitched blade multi-stage impellers on pumping ability have been investigated. Axial velocity profiles were measured by LDA (Laser Doppler Anemometry). Axial pumping capacities were obtained by integration of measured axial velocity profiles in outflow from impellers. Main attention was focused on the effect of the distance between impellers in multi-stage configurations, on their pumping capacity and flow in the mixing bath in comparison with an independently operating pitched blade impeller with the same geometry. In case of a relatively close distance between impellers H3/d = 0.5 - 0.75, the multi-stage impeller creates only one circulation loop and the impellers itself behave identically as pumps in series. However for relative higher distance of impellers than H3/d = 1.25, the multi-stage impeller creates two separated circulation loops.
This paper presents a numerical analysis of an agitated fully baffled cylindrical vessel with a down pumping four blade worn or unworn pitched blade impeller (α = 45° and 30°) under a turbulent flow regime. CFD simulations predict the pumping capacity of the system equipped by worn and unworn pitched blade impeller. Experimental data were taken from the authors’ previous work and compared with results of numerical computations. A good agreement with experimental data was obtained. The ensemble-average mean velocity field with worn and unworn impellers was computed. It follows from the simulation results that the wear rate of the impeller blade has a significantly negative effect on the velocity distribution in an agitated liquid. The greater the destruction of the worn blade, the higher is the deformation of the velocity field around the rotating impeller, with a simultaneous decrease in impeller pumping capacity.
A sliding mode controller for the photovoltaic pumping system has been proposed in this paper. This system is composed of a photovoltaic generator supplying a three-phase permanent magnet synchronous motor coupled to a centrifugal pump through a three-phase voltage inverter. The objective of this study is to minimise the number of regulators and apply the sliding mode control by exploiting the specification of the field oriented control scheme (FOC). The first regulator is used to force the photovoltaic generator to operate at the maximum power point, while the second is used to provide the field oriented control to improve the system performance.The whole system is analysed and its mathematical model is done. Matlab is used to validate the performance and robustness of the proposed control strategy.
The aim of this paper is to analyze various CO2 compression processes for post-combustion CO2 capture applications for 900 MW pulverized coal-fired power plant. Different thermodynamically feasible CO2 compression systems will be identified and their energy consumption quantified. A detailed thermodynamic analysis examines methods used to minimize the power penalty to the producer through integrated, low-power compression concepts. The goal of the present research is to reduce this penalty through an analysis of different compression concepts, and a possibility of capturing the heat of compression and converting it to useful energy for use elsewhere in the plant.
The small number of available complete modern pump characteristics makes the safety analysis of nuclear and conventional power plants based on the characteristics made over half a century ago of specific speeds n_q=24.6, 147.1 and 261.4. The aim of the paper is to check sensitivity of the power plant system response for different complete pump characteristics - modern and available from older tests for n_q=24.6, 147.1 and 261.4. It has been shown that Suter's characteristics for modern pumps give a different response to the pumping system of a power plant in breakdown than those used so far.