The article deals with two issues: (1) the research method of father Georges Florovsky used in his study entitled The Ways of Russian Theology (1937), which is regarded a classic in its genre, and (2) the practice of scientific research conducted with the use of this method. The article is supplemented with Florovsky’s opinions, expressed in letters to his brother Anton, a professor at the Charles University in Prague, concerning the scientific achievements of the authors and scholars whom he met with or whom he came to work with after his departure to the USA (1948). The content of this correspondence has remained hitherto unpublished.
In this article, strategies and writing tricks (the trick of “defamiliarization”, imagery) which in Nabokov’s short story A Guide to Berlin serve to design the image of the city and simultaneously to explore the world of values (axiological map of Berlin/Eden) are being interpreted. The author of this article proves that the semantics of the title guide is connected with the strategy of transition from empirical observation and one “fragment of space” to expression of a situation in which the subject of speech has found himself. Moreover, it is shown that the subjectivity of the observer, his way of experiencing the world and his creative sensitivity seem crucial in the story, because he evaluates the surrounding reality and in the “act of individual creativity” builds upon it yet another space – an unusual, transformed one, close to the emigrant/the author of the guidebook. Attention is also paid to the differentiation of two ways of perceiving the world and two types of consciousness: the artist’s/narrator’s and his listener’s (“average consciousness”).
The main research question in this article concerns the factors responsible for development of Brandenburg in the last 15 years, which enable to divert the region from its previous development model. For answering this question the method of individual, in-depth interviews with the main actors on the regional scene was used, supported by desk research and statistical data analysis. The development of Brandenburg was strongly infl uenced by external factors as consequences of functioning under the conditions of centrally planned economy and façade democracy (as GDR), the unifi cation of Germany, the necessity of transformation and restructuring with strong support of external funding, finally moving the capital city of Germany to Berlin. However of crucial importance was a conscious, pragmatic and consistently implemented policy of the regional authorities based on the idea of territorial and sectoral concentration (instead of the idea Gieβkanneprinzip).