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Abstract

In this study the quality of total RNA, isolated from fresh spermatozoa, was compared between boars with good and poor semen freezability (GSF and PSF, respectively). Semen from 3 boars with GSF exhibited significantly higher total motility, mitochondrial function, plasma membrane integrity and reduced lipid peroxidation compared with 3 boars with PSF after cryo- preservation. There were variations in the quality of RNA isolated from spermatozoa of boars with GSF and PSF. Boars with GSF exhibited mainly full-length, intact RNA, whereas substantial amounts of degraded RNA were detected in spermatozoa from boars with PSF. Further under- standing of the biological relevance of RNAs in sperm function is critical to improve the freezabil- ity of boar semen.
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the proteoforms of albumin and kallikrein in stallion seminal plasma (SP), and to determine their correlations with sperm motility parameters. The experimental material consisted of ejaculates from 8 stallions, which were collected during the breeding and non-breeding seasons (BS and NBS, respectively). SP proteins were identified by 2-D PAGE and mass spectrometry (MALDI TOT/TOF MS). Sperm motility parameters were analyzed using the CASA system. Protein expression (integrated optical density-IOD) of albumin proteoforms 1 (ALB 1) and 2 (ALB 2) and kallikrein proteoforms 1 (KAL 1) and 2 (KAL 2) was correlated (p<0.05) with sperm motility parameters (total motility and progressive motility) during the BS. No significant correlations were found between the expression of albumin or kallikrein and sperm motility parameters during the NBS. The presence of correlations between the expression of ALB 1, ALB 2, KAL 1, KAL 2 and selected sperm motility parameters could suggest that the analyzed components of the SP belong to the group of fertility-associated pro- teins (FAPs).
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