The article attempts to evaluate Polish historiography dealing with the early modern period, published since 1989, the date marking the political transition in Poland. The transition has affected the way in which history has been practised in recent years, with a clear alteration in the subjectmatters and topics dealt with. Political history and the history of towns/cities and the bourgeoisie are beyond the scope of this discussion and assessment.
The shifting attitudes to sources and traditional paradigms of social history and history of the early modern period culture, and to problems of individuals and groups, are considered here. The author indicates discussion ﬁ elds and speciﬁ c results of work carried out by research groups (mainly French and German ones). He indicates trends and tendencies in discovering individuals in presenting historical events from the perspective of a collective hero
In the first part of the article, Krzysztof A. Makowski describes how the idea of granting Poland the opportunity to host the 23rd International Congress of Historical Sciences in 2020 in Poznań came about and how Poznań’s application to host the Congress was prepared. Moreover, the author presents the ongoing preparations for the Congress. In the second part of the article, Ewa Domańska discusses the origins and evolution of the idea of “alter-native modernities” and “epi- stemic justice” as leitmotifs of Poznań’s application. She stresses the need and importance of developing an intellectual alliance of East-Central European countries and lists activities that could help raise the region’s status as an important centre of knowledge building.
The author raises questions concerning the phenomenon of manifestos in science and speciﬁ c theses advanced by the authors of The History Manifesto. The ﬁ rst question is whether a manifesto on the role of historiography in the contemporary world, calling for a revival of a certain seemingly bygone ideal of science, symbolised by the works of Fernand Braudel, can be the subject of scientiﬁ c criticism at all. The second question is whether the diagnosis of a crisis in the role of history as an expert science is accurate, and whether its claims to this role are altogether valid in the modern world.
In 2015, the academic journal Annales published a special volume dedicated to the acclaimed History Manifesto written by Jo Guldi and David Armitage one year earlier. In my article I analyse the background and content of the volume which can be viewed as a French reception of the manifesto
The paper discusses the English language reception of Jo Guldi and David Armitage’s The History Manifesto. It relates the most important responses to this powerful book, as well as pointing out the notions of the longue durée, the public and historians craft as the main topic that marshals the vast and diverse exchange
The paper presents well-known destructive obedience research which has been used as an unsuc- cessful attempt to explain the reasons behind the Holocaust using social psychology. It also com- ments on a psychological theory which is more pertinent for elucidating this phenomenon
The article invites a new interdisciplinary analysis of authoritarian movements, given the recent growth of authoritarianism in the United States and in Europe. The electoral victory of Donald Trump and the growth of right-radical movements in Western Europe show that authoritarianism is gaining ground in countries with long democratic traditions. The article calls for the integration of studies into authoritarianism into academic research programmes funded by education and learning authorities.
Niccolò Machiavelli’s The Prince has been one of the most extensively studied works of political theory since its original publication. The reason for the ongoing interest in this work is its radical modernity. This paper analyses an important dimension of this aspect which has been overlooked thus far, namely the author’s attitude towards his prince and the means he used to express it, by comparing Machiavelli’s attitudes with those of Guillaume Budé and Erasmus of Rotterdam.
This paper focuses on the development of critical methods and the growth of the erudite school in 18th-century Denmark-Norway. It shows how Hans Gram, Andreas Hojer and Jacob Langebek contributed to modernizing the study of history, turning it into a branch of science
The article compares and analyses tendencies in writings about Polish migrations to the United States and the history of the Polish ethnic group in the US. What are the similarities between the discourse and topics undertaken in Poland, Europe and the US in the mid-20th century and 2016? To what extents have historiographies across the ocean influenced themselves? Is the discourse coherent? Which topics being researched by scholars in the US are relevant to Polish academics?
The article presents the academic activities and methodological approaches of Russian historians Mikhail Pokrovsky (1868–1932) and David Riazanov (1870–1938) who worked in a difficult political climate. They both had their own criteria of objectivity in history and held their own political views. They shared the reality of Bolshevism, although their concepts of interpreting his- tory clashed with Bolshevist ways of thinking. Bolshevism practices and beliefs required drastic adjustments in academic studies, in particular in the social sciences. The article focuses on the interactions between the governing party and Pokrovsky Riazanov.
The paper considers Timothy Snyder’s applied methodology of history. Snyder’s original field of interest as a professional historian was historical biography, but it did not take him long to put transnational history at the centre of his attention. The author posits that Snyder’s practice in this historiographic paradigm has laid the foundation for his greatest academic achievements, leading to him being recognized as one of the best historians working today.
The papers deals with methodological questions of writing a general history of science. We start by defining the scope of general history of science and its relation to general history, followed by a discussion on recent trends in history and philosophy of science. We also examine the impact of the developments in the humanities since the 1970s on disciplines reflecting on science. The second part of the paper focuses on the approach of science and politics as resources for one other, developed by Mitchell Ash, to describing scientific changes in times of radical regime upheavals. We also discuss the intersection between current science and politics framing historians as engaged intellectuals.
The article presents the discipline of celebrity studies and the perspectives of applying it to Polish historical research. Intended to be a discussion opener rather than a complete literature overview, it provides readers with basic information on the discipline, indicates potential problems, and explains the beneficial effects of developing research based on terms and definitions in celebrity studies.