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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the biological effect of the product Jodis Concentrate (JC) on the rabbit ovaries by evaluating the folliculogenesis and expression of oocyte-specific growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9). The experiment was conducted with 30 female two month old New Zealand rabbits that were the F1 offspring born to mothers differently treated with Jodis concentrate. The control group (n=10), consisted of F1 offspring born to mothers without iodine treatment, and was not supple- mented with JC. The first experimental group (n=10), consisted of F1 offspring born to mothers treated with JC during pregnancy and the suckling period, and was supplemented with JC daily at a dose of 2 ml/L drinking. The second experimental group (n=10), consisted of F1 offspring born to mothers without iodine treatment, and was also supplemented daily with the same dose of JC - 2 ml/L drinking. All groups were fed with total mixed ration for growing rabbits. The trial lasted 48 days. The ovaries were weighed and prepared for histological examination. The GDF9 protein expression in the ovary was determined by immunohistochemical analysis. The addition of JC to the drinking water of female rabbits led to more active development of the ovarian follicles from primordial to tertiary stage in both experimental groups. More intensive GDF9 protein expression in the oocytes and cumulus cells of rabbits, supplemented with JC was observed.
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Abstract

The purpose of the study was to study the activity of the phytoestrogen genistein (GEN) act- ing on FSHR and LHR in rat ovaries with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Sixty rats were di- vided into six groups. Rats in the dose group received genistein at a concentration of either 5 (low genistein dose group, L-gen), 10 (middle genistein dose group, M-Gen) or 20 (high genistein dose group, H-Gen) mg per kg of body weight per day. Estrogen group (EG, received 0.5 mg/kg Dieth- ylstilbestrol). Concentration of sex hormones in serum was quantified by enzyme-linked immuno- sorbent assay (ELISA). Expressions of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) and lutein- izing hormone receptor (LHR) protein were determined by immunohistochemistry. Treatment with genistein resulted in a strong stimulation of the concentration of sex hormone in serum. The concentration of progesterone and FSH was significantly higher in H-Gen when compared to the PCOS model control group (MG) (P < 0.01). In contrast, the concentration of testosterone, LH and the ratio of LH/FSH decreased in GEN treatment groups compared to MG, the effect was statistically significant, tested by the ANOVA test (p<0.01). For hormone receptor activity, treat- ment with genistein resulted in an improvement of ovarian function with LHR protein expression being enhanced and FSHR protein expression being suppressed. Our results demonstrate that Genistein played a significant role in regulating FSH and LH receptor expression to improve perimenopausal ovarian and uterine function.
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Abstract

In this investigation, the effects of genistein (GEN) on the expression of steroidogenic genes such as steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), side-chain cleavage enzymes (P450scc) and cytochrome P450 aromatase (CYP19) were assessed. For this study, forty young female Sprague Dawley (SD) rats at aged 2-3 months (200±20 g) and forty aged female SD rats aged 10-12 months (490±20 g) were selected. Also, based on weight they were divided into a negative control group (NC), three different GEN dose groups, which received GEN of 15, 30, 60 mg/kg, and a positive control group (PC). The experiment lasted 30 days. Concentrations of serum hormones were determined by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Gene and protein expressions of StAR, P450scc and CYP19 were determined by Real-Time PCR and western blot techniques. It was observed that 30-60 mg/kg GEN could increase the expression of androgen generating key enzymes in the young rat ovary. GEN also significantly increased progesterone and E2 levels in the serum of aged rats and reduced the levels of LH and FSH in the serum of both young and aged rats. Compared with young rats, the effect of GEN on the ovary of aged rats was stronger and a lower dose of GEN (15 mg/kg) showed an obvious effect on these indicators. GEN influenced both estrogen level and indicators associated with estrogen and androgen transformation processes, which indicates that GEN can impair the growth and maturation of the ovary.
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