In material collected from birds (Aves, Procellariiformes) in the South Georgia region by Polish Antarctic Marine Research Expedition in 1976 the following mallophagan species were found: Docophoroides brevis (Duf.), Naubates fuliginosus (Tasch.), Pseudonirmus gurlti (Tasch.) and Trabeculus hexacon (Wat.). These are the first records from this region.
Schistidium urnulaceum (C. Muell.) B. G. Bell, a species hitherto known from the sub-Antarctic island of South Georgia, is reported for the first time from King George Island, South Shetland Islands, in the Antarctic botanical zone. A description of the species together with illustrations, notes on habitat and a distribution map are provided. Taxonomic notes to assist in the identification of S. urnulaceum are also given.
Results of Polish biological investigations and surveys on the state of mackerel icefish (Champsocephalus gunnari Lonnberg, 1905) stock served to undertake an attempt at an independent estimation of some of its biological parameters as well as at the assessment of its biomass and fishing mortality during 1975/76—1991/92 fishing seasons with virtual population analysis (VPA) method (using MAFFVPA programme). Laurec-Shepherd and hybrid methods were applied for the VPA tuning. Von Bertalanffy equation parameters were estimated and compared with those published earlier. F0l and F max values were assessed using Beverton and Holt model and Thompson and Bell method. Based on data from available literature the coefficient of natural mortality (M) was assumed to be 0.5. VPA results indicate that the total stock biomass (TSB) during the last 1991/92 season amounted to 34,818 tonnes and was approximately 10 times lower than in 1975/76 season. Spawning stock biomass (SSB) declined to a minimum of 7,396 tonnes in 1989/90 season. The assessment results point out to the recruitment as a major factor contributing to the stock fluctuations.