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Number of results: 7
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Abstract

This article shows incidents associated with the use of gas as an energy carrier. It presents selected incidents which have occurred in Poland and around the world in recent decades. Based on this, consequences of gas and air mixture explosions were analysed as well. The article presents the main causes of gas incidents which have taken place, as per instances which are similar worldwide. Incidents associated with the use of gas are not frequent, but at the same time very tragic as they often lead to illness or even death. In Poland, in the last twenty years, construction area disasters caused by gas explosions account for only 5% of all which have occurred, but the number of fatalities resulting from these cases is approximately 14%. The number of individuals injured reached 39% of all construction disaster victims. Considering all these facts, it is necessary to undertake wide preventive measures in order to increase safety in the use of gaseous fuels.
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Abstract

W niniejszym artykule przedstawiono koncepcję brytyjskiej polityki zagranicznej w stosunku do państw Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej, realizowanej przez ministra spraw zagranicznych Geoffreya Howe’a w końcu lat 80. XX wieku, gdy zimna wojna zmierzała ku końcowi. Howe był ministrem sprawa zagranicznych i Wspólnoty Narodów w rządzie Margaret Thatcher. Polityka zagraniczna Zjednoczonego Królestwa w stosunku do państw Europy Środkowej i Wschodniej w tym okresie, była zdeterminowana paroma ważnymi czynnikami, przykładowo: pozycją geopolityczną, sojuszem ze Stanami Zjednoczonymi i pozostałymi państwami z NATO i resztą świata „kapitalistycznego”, reformami Michaiła Gorbaczowa (szczególnie tzw. P ierestrojką, G lasnostią o raz Nowym Myśleniem) i ich znaczeniem dla stosunków międzynarodowych. Autor zwraca uwagę na brytyjską „politykę różnicowania” w ramach bloku radzieckiego w tamtym czasie. Z jednej strony były w nim państwa z rodzajem reform ekonomicznych jak ZSRR, Polska i Węgry, a z drugiej – państwa „starego reżimu” bez oznak liberalizacji – jak np. Rumunia, Niemiecka Republika Demokratyczna czy Bułgaria.
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Abstract

In this article, we wish to address the potential of cities and built environments as important sites for international education. We will introduce Urban Labs Central Europe, methodological concept that frames our pedagogies, which we practice in the context of international education, more specifically, American University study abroad programs in Poland and Central Europe. We will begin by considering several dimensions in which cities are important for international education and how they are central to our pedagogies. We will then explain our concept of Urban Labs and give some examples from our work with students.
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Abstract

In the first part of the article, Krzysztof A. Makowski describes how the idea of granting Poland the opportunity to host the 23rd International Congress of Historical Sciences in 2020 in Poznań came about and how Poznań’s application to host the Congress was prepared. Moreover, the author presents the ongoing preparations for the Congress. In the second part of the article, Ewa Domańska discusses the origins and evolution of the idea of “alter-native modernities” and “epi- stemic justice” as leitmotifs of Poznań’s application. She stresses the need and importance of developing an intellectual alliance of East-Central European countries and lists activities that could help raise the region’s status as an important centre of knowledge building.
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