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Abstract

Zdaniem Henryka Elzenberga: dobro = wartość = piękno. Obiektywnie te trzy pojęcia są identyczne, a przekonanie, że jest inaczej, ma źródło w subiektywności ich ujmowania/postrzegania. Ten pogląd Elzenberg przedstawił w artykule O różnicy pomiędzy „pięknem” a „dobrem” (1933). Według autora, Elzenberg ma jedynie po części rację. Byłoby tak: piękne są rzeczy, a dobre są stany rzeczy/sytuacje, w szczególności istnienie rzeczy pięknych. Piękna jest Sonata księżycowa Beethovena, dobrem jest to (stan rzeczy), że ten utwór istnieje.
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Abstract

Religion has two functions: a social one (it consolidates a group of followers) and a personal one (psychological). In modern times, the social function of religion has been taken over by ideologies. Socialism is one of such ideologies. The creators of Marxism called their version of socialism scientific socialism, but their vision of the course of history (‘from capitalism to communism’) has become the foundation of a new religion and a new church. The author calls this church ‘Marxo-Leninism’. The text shows similarities between the Catholic Church and the Marxo-Leninism (or the Stalinist church), as well as the analogies between the Jesuit order and the ‘Len-Party’ (i.e. the Leninisttype party).
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Abstract

The author presents the method of philosophizing practiced by Bogusław Wolniewicz. He subsequently discusses the sources of his philosophizing, the objectives he has set for himself, his rationalism as well as his method of making philosophy scientifically sound. The author also mentions Wolniewicz’s use of history of philosophy and substantive philosophy, his method of working with students in classes, and finally his work on texts. In many places, the author expands this presentation by adding elements of his own meta-philosophy.
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