One of the main problems of electrical power quality is to ensure a constant power ?ux from the supply system to the receiver, keeping in the same time the undisturbed wave form of the current and voltage signals. Distortion of signals are caused by nonlinear or time varying receivers, voltage changes or power losses in a supply system. The wave-form of the voltage of the source may also be deformed. This study seeks the optimal current and voltage wave-form by means of an optimization criteria. The optimization problem is de?ned in Hilbert space and the special functionals are minimized. The source inner impedance operator is linear and time-varying. Some examples of calculations are presented.
In the paper the squared voltage-current functionals are minimized, which represent the global power losses in the network. In that way it is possible to find the voltage-current distributions on the net without the use of immitance operators and basing only on the Kirchhoff laws. Farther the individual branch parameters are defined in the syntheses process. Many optimal power analysis examples are also shown to illustrate the thesis included in the paper.
The paper deals with linear circuits synthesis with periodic parameters. It was proved that the time-varying voltages and currents of inner branches of such circuits can be calculated using linear recursive equations with periodic coefficients if signals on port are given. The stability theorem of periodic solution was formulated. Hereby described the synthesis problems appear when compensation of power supply systems is considered.
In the complex RLC network, apart from the currents flows arising from the normal laws of Kirchhoff, other distributions of current, resulting from certain optimization criteria, may also be received. This paper is the development of research on distribution that meets the condition of the minimum energy losses within the network called energy-optimal distribution. Optimal distribution is not reachable itself, but in order to trigger it off, it is necessary to introduce the control system in current-dependent voltage sources vector, entered into a mesh set of a complex RLC network. For energy-optimal controlling, to obtain the control operator, the inversion of R(s) operator is required. It is the matrix operator and the dispersive operator (it depends on frequency). Inversion of such operators is inconvenient because it is algorithmically complicated. To avoid this the operator R(s) is replaced by the R’ operator which is a matrix, but non-dispersive one (it does not depend on s). This type of control is called the suboptimal control. Therefore, it is important to make appropriate selection of the R’ operator and hence the suboptimal control. This article shows how to implement such control through the use of matrix operators of multiple differentiation or integration. The key aspect is the distribution of a single rational function H(s) in a series of ‘s’ or ‘s⁻¹’. The paper presents a new way of developing a given, stable rational transmittance with real coefficients in power series of ‘s/s⁻¹՚. The formulas to determine values of series coefficients (with ‘s/s⁻¹’) have been shown and the conditions for convergence of differential/integral operators given as series of ‘s/s⁻¹’ have been defined.