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Abstract

The dispute between Poland and Germany over the northern parts of roadstead adjacent to Świnoujście and Szczecin sea ports casts a shadow on good relations between those nations. The dispute concerns the anchorage and the port approach route.On 25 November 1994 Germany have unilaterally declared those areas part of their exclusive economic zone. The Author advocates for solutions envisaged in international agreement on maritime border delimitation between former People Republic of Poland and former German Democratic Republic. The agreement was signed in Berlin on 22 May 1989.
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Abstract

The relations between China and Japan are, as it is with all neighborly relations, complex and have deep historical roots. Political rivalry together with economic and military expansion prompt the People Republic of China to question the territorial status quo on East China Sea and South China Sea.Both the PRC and Taiwan put forward claims to Japanese controlled Senkaku Islands; The PRC and Japan also quarrel over Ryukyu Islands and Okinotori Islands on East China Sea. All three disputes, however, are associated with delimitation of exclusive economic zones between those countries.
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Abstract

The Aland Islands are comprised of 6500 islands, eighty of which are inhabited, with a combined area of 1500 km2. The entire territory is inhabited by 27000 Swedish-speaking people. The international agreements currently in force regulate the use of the Strait of the Aland Islands just to a certain degree and refer only to navy vessels. Therefore, it can be concluded that the strait's particular legal regime is described primarily by the regulations of the 1921 Geneva Convention. For other ships, the principles of common use and treaties of international maritime law apply. Foundations exist to recognize a transit passage in the strait beyond the demilitarized zone. The current status of the islands and the surrounding waters is commonly accepted by both the Swedish inhabitants of the archipelago (who have considerable political and economic autonomy within Finland), the countries on both sides of the strait, and the international community throughout the Baltic region.
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Abstract

There is a seldom acknowledged problem of practical limitations to the principle of freedom of navigation. The United States as well as the United Kingdom, France, Japan and Turkey, to name a few, oppose excessive use of navigation freedom as defined by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS 1982). The author discusses divisions of seas from navigational and operational perspective (the high seas, exclusive economic zone, the case of Russian navigation in Gulf of Finland), and comments on freedom of navigation during armed conflict.
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