The author reviews port services — which in current Polish maritime law
system include shipping agency, shipbroking, pilotage and towage.
The first part of the article examines the legal status of ports and of
services themselves as categorized by the Maritime Code. The author
provides their outlines, noting terseness and shortcomings of the
The second part presents draft amendments to the Code proposed by
Maritime Law Codification Committee. Among the changes proposed the
author dis-cusses dockage.
The final part concerns European Union Law, as the primary impulse
behind the study is draft Regulation of European Parliament and of the
Council establishing a framework on market access to port services and
financial transparency of ports of 23 May 2013. The emergence of the
draft stirred the EU member states, and, in particular, the entities
professionally associated with port industry. The author sets out the
basics of the proposal and criticizes them as being contrary to free
market principles and subjects port services to admin-istrative